The Wave of Anti-abortion Laws across the US

Abortion, a medical procedure to terminate the pregnancy which has been prevalent throughout recorded history is a complex, hotly debated and highly divisive issue in the United States. This is because the issue of abortion taps not only specific areas of human rights such as women rights, reproductive rights, right to life, right to equality etc. but also has its roots into orthodox religious mind-sets, emotional, cultural and moral values. Moreover, what fuels various parts of the society at large on views related to abortion is the politicization of the topic for personal gains. In all this process women are most affected as their reproductive rights are always at stake and generally in the hands of republic parties who are trying their level best to bring in-laws, which restrict abortion access. As Republicans are now holding a majority of state legislative chambers, their history, and present conduct show strong anti-abortion sentiment. … more

Corporate Social Responsibility – Indian Trends

With the passage of the Companies Act, 2013 and the CSR (Policy) Rules from 1 April 2014, India, has become a leading nation which statutorily recognizes mandatory Corporate Social Responsibility. Companies with a net worth of Rs 500 crore or more, or a turnover of Rs 1000 cr. or more, or a net profit of Rs 5 cr. or more in a given financial year must spend 2 per cent of their net profits on CSR programmes. It’s an effective means to solve India’s diverse and complex development issues with businesses as viable partners. This is an effective way for businesses to give back to society. The Act mandates companies to formulate CSR policy. Under the policy, companies need to list out CSR projects/programmes. It has to be a detailed policy covering- planning, implementation and execution mechanism. It must also have a mechanism for monitoring and evaluation of the project. The project undertaken must conform to areas specified in Schedule VII of the Act. The policy should be made available on the company’s website. … more

Reassessing the Future of Legality of Plastics in the Global Economy

Ubiquitous and inexpensive, homogenized with unparalleled functional properties, plastics have turned out to be the triumphant product of modern industrial economy. Along with its high functionality, plastic is also a prime contributor to global pollution. A global demonstration of the plastic nuisance first came to light in 2015 when plastic bags caused death of 150 people as they clogged the waterways, resulting in floods in Accra, Ghana; followed by studies showing the impact of plastics on marine health and ecological balance. Due to its universality, developed nations have to deal with the plastics generated and mismanaged by the states and developing nations do not only have to deal with plastics manufactured in their countries but also the plastic waste that is being dumped on them by the developed nations. A policy on paper may convey a grand vision, the key, however, is its effective implementation. International community has tried to enforce a ban on plastics in the past two decades but with little or no success. … more

Comparatives and Globalization of Antitrust Laws: An Indian Perspective

While competition laws vary from nation to nation, there are certain core provisions underpinning nearly all competition law regimes. These may be classified into three broad categories. The first consists of agreements or concerted practices between otherwise independent competitors that serve to reduce competition between them. The second group of anti-competitive practices stem from the acquisition of a dominant position in a market by a single enterprise. The third group of regulated anti-competitive conduct relates to mergers and acquisitions. The history of competition law is usually traced back to the enactment of Sherman Act in 1890 in the US. This act was directed against the power and predations of the large trusts formed in the wake of the Industrial Revolution where a small control group acquired and held the stock of competitors, usually in an asset, and controlled their business. … more

The right to Privacy is how fundamental in the Indian context?

In India the Constitution does not expressly recognize or enumerate the right to privacy, though, the right to life enshrined in Article 21 has been liberally interpreted so as to mean something more than mere survival and mere existence or animal existence. It therefore includes all those aspects of life which makes a man’s life more meaningful, complete and worth living and right to privacy is one such right. The Black’s Law Dictionary defines ‘Privacy’ as “the right to be left alone; the right of a person to be free from any unwarranted publicity; the right to live without any unwarranted interference by the public in matters with which the public is not necessarily concerned”. … more

Corporate Governance and Company: A Look into the Current State of Corporate Governance and its Influences

For the modern corporation, attracting investors goes far beyond mere promises of returns. There are a host of factors to consider with an emphasis on corporate governance, to build the transparency and accountability required to attract investment. Additionally, governments must also take into account the need for laws and regulations to build a corporate governance framework that will foster private investment and ensure economic growth and protect all stakeholders. In this paper, we will outline the foundations of corporate governance and explore the roles of various actors, including investors, shareholders and boards, in the formation of corporate governance framework. In doing so, I hope to articulate the fundamentals of “good” corporate governance. … more

A Desk Research Paper on the background of the persecution of the Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar

From June 2012 till present, Myanmar has been under international criticism for what could be considered “ethnic cleansing," “Genocide," or “crimes against humanity” of the Rohingya people, a Muslim ethnic minority group that has lived as a people in Myanmar for centuries. The Myanmar government has specifically been criticized for her handling of series of conflicts between Rohingya Muslims who form the majority in the northern Rakhine and ethnic Rakhines, mainly Buddhist, who form the majority in the South. Said actions of the government can be said to be fueled by discriminatory policies. … more

Economic Revolution: GST & Demonetization

The project publication discusses the economic impact of two major measures taken by India: a) Goods and Services Tax and b) Demonetization. It deals with GST and its impact on various relevant sectors as well as demonetization and its economic impact on the economy as whole. India, being the largest democracy in the world with a population of over 1.25 crores must cater to the need of a greatly diverse society. Since independence, multiple measures have been taken by different governments to further the economic growth. The efforts taken in this direction have been subdued by social problems such as rising population and deep-rooted corruption in the society. … more

The Constituents of Global Economy – Optimism with Caution

Globalization has, and continues to, change the way the economies around the world fundamentally operate. It has made the world economy far more complex due to the multitude of interconnections it has fostered. This has led to increased difficulty in coordinating economic policy on a national, regional, and global level. Though globalization has been largely positive, the extent of the inter-dependence it has created among countries has led to new problems with far more complex consequences. … more

A History of Contradictions: US Foreign Policy, Liberalism, Exceptionalism and the State of the World Today

While American foreign policy is defined by a fundamental moral principles and values, the rise of the United States as a global hegemon and economic power as well as security challenges has brought about shifts and exceptions to the rules. This paper examines the factors which have influenced US foreign policy historically as well as America’s role in the current global political and economic sphere. Further, this paper seeks to explain the motivation behind military intervention abroad as well as America’s role in the face of terrorism, nuclear proliferation as well as Russia and China’s growing challenge to the post World War II global order. … more

Demonetization 2016 – A Colossal step in the history of India’s Economy

This project deals with the overnight historic measure of demonetization by the central government of India which initially left the people of the nation flummoxed. While the supporters have lauded the government’s step for the fearlessness in tackling the grave issue of black money in our country, the opponents left no stone unturned in severely criticizing the step owing to the move’s suddenness, it’s legal incompetence and the adverse impacts on the economy. … more

Female Genital Mutilation

Female genital mutilation is internationally recognized as a violation of the human rights of girls and women. FGM is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia. The practice is mostly found in Africa, Asia and the Middle East. However, around the world, activists are rising up to end this centuries-old practice of FGM. … more

Europe and Central Asia Economic Update, May 2017 : Trade in Transition in Europe and Central Asia

Trade played a pivotal role during the transition of many. countries in Europe and Central Asia to market economies. It forced a more efficient use of resourced and supported adoption of new technologies. Going forward, trade will again be crucial as countries adjust to new specialization patterns in the world. The adjustment requires not merely tweaking of trade policies, but rather a rethinking of how labor markets and capital markets are organized. … more

Dealing Fair with the Doctrine of Fair Use – A Comparative Study of the Doctrine between the US and India

Shivek Sharma, Student, Institute of Law, Nirma University, Ahmadabad, Gujarat, India

With the increasing development in the economy, the IPR regime has also marked its importance. The excessive competition in the market has paved way for IPR infringements. … more

Laws Governing Child Marriages in SAARC Countries

Goeman Bind HTO - SAIEVAC

Child marriage, defined as a formal marriage or informal union before age 18, is a reality for both boys and girls, although girls are disproportionately the most affected. … more

The ‘sky rail’ saga: can big new transport projects ever run smoothly?

John Stone, University of Melbourne and Ian Woodcock, RMIT University

Tensions are rising in Melbourne over plans to use elevated rail to remove suburban level crossings. Sydney has already begun building its “Skytrain” project in the city’s northwest. … more

Media, Public Policy and Development – Some Musings

By Prof. (Dr.) Ranbir Singh and Prof. V.C. Vivekanandan

The demi-world of journalism is like the fun house of mirrors that one finds in carnivals. In one reflection you are too fat; in another you are absurdly thin; in another reflection you appear to have an elongated neck; in another, a flat head; in still another you have next to nobody. … more